- Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and the second closest planet to the Earth in the solar system. The name ‘Mars’ is named after the Roman god of war. Sometimes Mars is known as ‘The Red Planet’ because of its reddish appearance.
Here are the facts:
1. March has only 15% of the Earth’s volume but has approximately the same landmass. Martian surface gravity is only 38% of the planet Earth.
2. Mars has the second highest mountain in the solar system which is called ‘Olympus Mons’, a gigantic shield volcano. It is almost three times the height of the Mount Everest.
3. Mars has two natural satellites which are called ‘Phobos’ and ‘Deimos’ respectively. Both were discovered by American astronomer Asaph Hall in 1877. Phobos rises in the west, whereas Deimos rises in the East.
4. Mars has the largest dust storms in the solar system. The mars dust storms can last for many months, which cover the entire planet.
5. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, which consists of about 96% Carbon dioxide, 1.93% argon and 1.89% nitrogen along with traces of oxygen and water.
6. Mars has large amounts of water in the form of ice in the North polar cap and South polar cap. Besides Earth, Mars is the only planet that has polar ice caps.
7. Mars Contains large amounts of Iron Oxide and that is why the martian surface is red.
8. The average temperature on Mars is –81° and can range from –205° in the winter to 72° Fahrenheit in the summer.
9. A martian year is the equivalent of 687 Earth days.
10. Mars has no magnetic field like Earth.